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Supercomputers are the fastest computers in the world. As a rule of thumb, a supercomputer is a system in the  TOP500  list of supercomputers

In e-Infrastructures, for science there are in Europe universtities and research organisations owning supercomputers.

On a European scale there are several organisations active:

  • PRACE provides transnational  access to a number of supercomputers
  • ETP4HPC combines a number of HPC actors in Europe
  • There are several large and small EC co-funded projects



National Strategic Computing Initiative Strategic Plan.pdf

The National Strategic Computing Initiative (NSCI) is a whole-of-Nation effort to sustain and enhance U.S. leadership in high-performance computing (HPC). The NSCI seeks to accomplish five strategic objectives in a government collaboration with industry and academia: (1) accelerate the successful deployment and application of capable exascale computing; (2) ensure that new technologies support coherence in data analytics as well as simulation and modeling; (3) explore and accelerate new paths for future computing architectures and technologies, including digital computing and alternative computing paradigms; (4) holistically expand capabilities and capacity of a robust and enduring HPC ecosystem; and (5) establish an enduring public-private collaboration to ensure shared benefit across government, academia, and industry.
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