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Supercomputers are the fastest computers in the world. As a rule of thumb, a supercomputer is a system in the  TOP500  list of supercomputers

In e-Infrastructures, for science there are in Europe universtities and research organisations owning supercomputers.

On a European scale there are several organisations active:

  • PRACE provides transnational  access to a number of supercomputers
  • ETP4HPC combines a number of HPC actors in Europe
  • There are several large and small EC co-funded projects



FET FLAGSHIPS Interim Evaluation.pdf

The FET Flagship programme represents a huge investment in strategic and collective research and innovation. It aims at undertaking research and innovation activities that will transform science into technology with significant industrial and societal impacts. The objective is to achieve an effect that is greater than the sum of individual efforts found in national initiatives. Through supporting such work, Flagships will help to successfully position and grow innovative European companies, including SMEs and start-ups, in future global value chains. To evaluate the value of Flagships thus far, a Panel of high-level experts was convened to undertake an interim evaluation of the instrument, and its implementation through the Graphene and Human Brain Projects. The aim was to provide recommendations based on the lessons that can be learned from the implementation and operation of the Flagships. These can then be applied to the implementation of Flagship initiatives that the European Commission may launch in the future.
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