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Supercomputers are the fastest computers in the world. As a rule of thumb, a supercomputer is a system in the  TOP500  list of supercomputers

In e-Infrastructures, for science there are in Europe universtities and research organisations owning supercomputers.

On a European scale there are several organisations active:

  • PRACE provides transnational  access to a number of supercomputers
  • ETP4HPC combines a number of HPC actors in Europe
  • There are several large and small EC co-funded projects



Financing the future of supercomputing - How to increase investments in high performance computing in Europe.pdf

It provides an overview of how HPC in Europe is financed today and gives recommendations on, for instance, the adaption of financial instruments. The report gives recommendations for four groups considered crucial for the European HPC ecosystem: Independent software vendors (ISVs); HPC centres (service providers); HPC intermediaries; HPC customers (users and potential users). So the European HPC hardware industry is not considered to be crucial, which is notable, as strengthening the European hardware industry is an important goal of the EuroHPC multibillion euro programme that also includes the European Processor Initiative as an important component. Joint acquisition of European exascale systems, another goal of EuroHPC, is discussed.
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